Joan Eardley (4 stars)

Royal Scottish Academy, Edinburgh, until Sun 13 Jan

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Joan Eardley

PAINTING

The peculiar psychology which leads many notable artists’ works to only truly be appreciated after they have died is hard to explain, with the premature passing of an artist lending an added, sometimes unwelcome romance to their legacy. Joan Eardley is one case in point, her death from breast cancer in 1963 lending her art a sad chance for early reappraisal. She was 42, but the volume and quality of her output until that point was enough to support an exhibition of this scale.

Born in Sussex and based in Glasgow from the age of 19, when she moved there to study at the School of Art, much of Eardley’s most prominent oil paintings recreate the post-war hardships of the Townhead area where she lived in bright, optimistic style. The children who played around the streets were her key subjects, and she painted them in a particular fashion which blended the realism of their situation – these are almost Dickensian street urchins, shown against a chalk-graffitied working class backdrop – with a certain abstract air.

The kids are cartoon-like, their faces round and innocent, their button eyes lending them to look like posed dolls. Although Eardley’s recreation of natural light is well observed, the scrawled-on sandstone tenement bricks in the background blend and wash together, creating an almost protoplasmic hyperrealist effect.

In her later years, Eardley was to discover a new muse in Catterline, just south of Aberdeen. A coastal town where she occasionally holidayed, the landscape on the North Sea fascinated her, particularly during storms – legend has it that she would begin packing to travel there from Glasgow as soon as she heard a report of bad weather. The results are stunning, like Turner flooded with a kind of raw, primal energy.

Her slate-grey skies – best seen in the wonderful ‘Catterline in Winter’ – rest above slashing white foam waves, and certain of these coastal landscapes were actually left outdoors by the artist overnight to ‘weather’. The results are dramatic and perfectly evocative of the Scottish climate, encompassing a natural spectacle which would have long out-survived the artist in any event.

Joan Eardley

  • 4 stars

Joan Eardley is best known for her paintings of children playing in run-down Glasgow tenements. This is the first major retrospective of her work for almost 20 years and will include oils, pastel sketches, works on paper, and photographs of the artist herself.

The Sleeping Nude by Joan Eardley

  • 4 stars

Art historian Bill Hare, presents his thesis that the failure of Eardley's 'Sleeping Nude' led to the success of her later landscapes.

A Response to Joan Eardley: Recent Paintings by Saturday Art Club and Saturday Studio

  • 4 stars

Inspired by the paintings of Joan Eardley, children aged between five and 15 years have been creating their own artwork at regular Saturday classes. This is a chance to see their work.

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