Edinburgh's Royal Mile takes in hundreds of years of history and drama

A haven for tourists and the centrepoint of historic Edinburgh

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Along The Royal Mile

The Royal Mile runs from Edinburgh Castle down to Holyrood Palace – taking in hundreds of years of history and drama along the way

The Royal Mile begins as you leave the castle. On the right is the Scotch Whisky Experience – the perfect introduction to the history and alchemy of Scotland’s national drink – complete with a dram at the end.

On the left, the tower with the black-and-white dome is the Camera Obscura, a tourist attraction since the 1800s. It uses lenses and mirrors to capture moving images from across the city.

High above the rooftops rises the spire of the Highland Tolbooth Church, the highest pinnacle in Edinburgh. It was co-designed by AW Pugin, master of the gothic revival, who went on to design the Houses of Parliament in London.

Beyond the Tolbooth is the Lawnmarket, one of the best-preserved sections of the street, flanked by old buildings and hidden alleyways. On the left is Gladstone’s Land, a merchant’s house from the 1600s. It is one of Edinburgh’s most authentic old houses, lovingly maintained by the National Trust for Scotland, and offering a glimpse of life in the city during the Renaissance.

Off the street behind Gladstone’s Land is a warren of passages and irregular courtyards. Here you can find the little Jolly Judge pub, which boasts its own painted Renaissance ceiling in the bar, and Lady Stair’s House, an eccentric-looking building which contains the Writers’ Museum, dedicated to the lives and stories of three Scottish authors – Robert Burns, Sir Walter Scott and Robert Louis Stevenson.

Now we enter the oldest part of the city, and we see St Giles’ Cathedral, a church that has grown and changed over 900 years of history. In the 1100s, its revenues aided Crusaders suffering from leprosy, while its unusual crown-shaped spire was built around 1495 and symbolises the independence of Scotland. In 1560, St Giles’ became the mother church of the Presbyterian revolution, with a guillotine in the churchyard and the thunderous John Knox preaching from the pulpit. Today, the interior is more peaceful, used for private prayers and public concerts as well as church services, with a café in the vaults.

Behind the church is Parliament Square, with a statue of Charles II in the centre and the supreme court on the far side. Although the façade dates from 1810, the building behind was built in 1633, and was Scotland’s first purpose-built seat of government, originally housing the parliament and administration and as well as the law courts.

A little further down, the street narrows at the Netherbow, the site of the old city gate. On the left is John Knox’s House, a 15th-century pile with squared stonework, white timbers, and painted carvings. It is now thought the preacher really lived further up the road, but it is still one of the oldest and prettiest houses in Edinburgh.

At the back, John Knox’s House opens out to the Scottish Storytelling Centre, a new building dedicated to the spoken word. Almost opposite lies the Museum of Childhood. The closes on either side are worth a look. Tweeddale Court has been a grand town house, a bank and a publishing company. The shed with the grey doors is the last surviving sedan-chair garage.

Beyond the Netherbow, the High Street of the royal burgh gives way to the Canongate, once a separate town serving Holyrood, with its own town hall, the Tolbooth. Behind the impressive exterior, this ancient building now contains The People’s Story, a museum which recreates the lives of Edinburgh’s ordinary inhabitants from the middle ages to the modern era.

Opposite the Tolbooth is Moray House, dating from 1618. The elegant Canongate Church and the former coaching inn called White Horse Close also date from the 17th century, as does the imposing white-harled Queensberry House.

Adjoining this last edifice is something very different: the new Scottish Parliament, designed by the late Catalan architect Enric Miralles, with its dramatic grey concrete and green turf surrounding an oak-ribbed debating chamber. Behind it lies the striking museum of geology and science known as Dynamic Earth.

Finally, at the very end of the Royal Mile, you enter the Abbey Strand, and reach the venerable gates of Holyroodhouse, with the royal palace rising beyond them, and behind that, the ancient rocky heights of Arthur’s Seat.

Camera Obscura and World of Illusions

Castlehill, Royal Mile, Edinburgh, EH1 2ND

The eye-catching Camera Obscura building stands at the top of the Royal Mile and contains an amazing range of optical experiences across five floors. The 'camera' itself is a giant Victorian periscope offering an interesting 360° perspective on…

Gladstone's Land

477b Lawnmarket, Edinburgh, EH1 2NT

Gladstone’s Land is a historic high-rise tenement that spans nearly 500 years of Edinburgh’s history. The six rooms across two floors recreate the life of those who called it home, including a wealthy laird’s apartment in the 1600s, a merchant…

John Knox House

High Street, Edinburgh, EH1 1SR

This museum on the Royal Mile, containing many decorations and paintings from the 500 years since it was first built, is reputed to be the home of 16th-century Protestant reformer John Knox. The building is occasionally used by the adjacent Scottish…

Museum of Childhood

42 High Street, Edinburgh, EH1 1TG

This Royal Mile museum contains a collection of toys, clothes and memorabilia from the last century, spread over three floors. Sound recordings bring to life the atmosphere of a playground, and a large section of the ground floor is a dedicated toy shop.

Our Dynamic Earth

Holyrood Road, Edinburgh, EH8 8AS

Located directly between the Scottish Parliament Building and Arthur’s Seat, Our Dynamic Earth presents a linear journey through the creation of the earth, from the Big Bang to the present day. Exhibitions make use of sounds, smell and visuals to make…

Parliament Square

High Street, Edinburgh, EH1 1RE

The People's Story

Canongate Tolbooth 163 Canongate, Edinburgh, EH8 8BN

Housed in the Canongate Tolbooth, a former tax collecting house, court and prison on the Royal Mile, this museum tells the story of the lives, work and leisure of Edinburgh’s citizens from the late 18th century to the present day through oral history…

Scotch Whisky Experience

354 Castlehill, Royal Mile, Edinburgh, EH1 2NE

Once you have staggered down from the windswept Castle, the warm interior of the Whisky Centre could not seem more attractive. The tour of the centre is, mercifully, mostly seated, and involves a series of films, demonstrations and a 'Barrel Ride' to…

Scottish Storytelling Centre

43–45 High Street, Edinburgh, EH1 1SR

A stylish contemporary building appended to the 15th-century home of Protestant reformer John Knox, housing materials relating to Scotland's rich oral culture. Located on the Royal Mile, the Centre incorporates historic John Knox House, the 99-seat…

St Giles' Cathedral

Royal Mile, Edinburgh, EH1 1RE

Dominating the Royal Mile, St Giles’ Cathedral has been one of Edinburgh's religious focal points for approximately 900 years. It is home to some of the best stained glass windows in Scotland, dating from the 19th and 20th centuries, and hosts regular…

Writers' Museum

Lady Stair's Close, Lawnmarket, Edinburgh, EH1 2PA

Just off the Royal Mile in a courtyard paved with inscriptions from some of Scotland’s literary greats, the museum is dedicated to three of Scotland’s finest writers – Robert Louis Stevenson, Robert Burns and Sir Walter Scott – and includes a rich…

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